“Blog” is an abbreviated version of “weblog,” which is a term used to describe websites that maintain an ongoing chronicle of information. A blog features diary-type commentary and links to articles on other websites, usually presented as a list of entries in reverse chronological order. Blogs range from the personal to the political, and can focus on one narrow subject or a whole range of subjects.

Many blogs focus on a particular topic, such as web design, home staging, sports, or mobile technology. Some are more eclectic, presenting links to all types of other sites. And others are more like personal journals, presenting the author’s daily life and thoughts.


  • A main content area with articles listed chronologically, newest on top. Often, the articles are organized into categories.
  • An archive of older articles.
  • A way for people to leave comments about the articles.
  • A list of links to other related sites, sometimes called a “blogroll”.
  • One or more “feeds” like RSS, Atom or RDF files.

Some blogs may have additional features beyond these. Watch this short video for a simple explanation for what a blog is.


A blogger is a person who owns or runs a blog or a person who maintains the blog. That is, posting articles or new posts, information, sharing the most up-to-date news, opinions and case studies to name but a few.


There are many different types of blogs on, and they span over 100 languages. You can browse our tags to get a sense of the topics covered by bloggers, or take a look at these examples of popular blog categories:

  • Personal:This is the broadest category and includes blogs about personal topics like politics, music, family, travel, health, you name it.
  • Business:Professionals ranging from realtors to lawyers and stock brokers are using WordPress to share their expertise, and companies have discovered the power of blogs to personally engage with their customers.
  • Schools:WordPress is a great way for teachers and students to collaborate on classroom projects.
  • Non-profits:Foundations, charities, and human rights groups find our blogs to be great tools to raise awareness and money for their causes.
  • Politics:Members of parliament, political parties, government agencies, and activists using our blogs to connect with their constituencies.
  • Military:Members of the military blog to report what they see happening in various parts of the world and to stay in touch with their families.
  • Private:Some people make their blogs private to share photos and information within families, companies, or schools.
  • Sports:We’ve got teams, athletes, and fans using blogs to express and share their passion for various sports.
  • How-to, tips and reviews:There are lots of blogs that share tips and reviews about cooking, games, music, books, movies, and so on.



  • SEO blogs:Blogs that are written for search engines instead of humans. These blogs are dedicated to trying to fool Google and other search engines into ranking them or the sites they link to highly. is not meant for this type of activity.
  • Affiliate marketing blogs:Blogs with the primary purpose of driving traffic to affiliate programs and get-rich-quick schemes . This includes multi-level marketing (MLM) blogs and pyramid schemes. To be clear, people writing their own original book, movie or game reviews and linking them to Amazon, or people linking to their own products on Etsy do NOT fall into this category.
  • Warez blogs:Blogs that promote pirated copies of ebooks, software packages, music, movies, games, etc.
  • Automated blogs:Blogs that are generated by computers, including randomly generated blogs, blogs that re-publish press releases, marketing material, search engine results, link dumps or any other mass-produced content.
  • Book tour blogs:Blogs that consist primarily of pre-written publicity material, as opposed to original book reviews, for the purpose of promoting books and driving traffic to other promotional and giveaway sites.

Advantages of Blogging

Current uses of blogging:

From this week’s discussions, it seems that educators are currently using blogs for the following purposes:

  1. Classroom management – posting assignments, class notes, Q&A section for students, articles/videos of interest
  2. Discussion – Students posted their reflections or thoughts based on a specific question or activity
  3. ePortfolios – Students have a space where they can showcase their artwork, videos or other digital artifacts.

Blogging Benefits:

When using blogs in the classroom, they can:

  • facilitate shyer students to participate in discussions
  • improve the quality of student work
  • have an open space where students/parents can find classroom materials

Issues to consider when blogging:

While there may be benefits, there are some considerations teachers need to think about prior to blogging.  These include:

  • time needed to manage and maintain blogs
  • educating students about security/safety issues so that they are not putting personal information on the blog and putting themselves at risk
  • students creating inappropriate posts or posts with inaccurate information
  • students not being receptive to the blogging activities and not participating

Future of Blogging:

When looking at blogging as a venture for the educational market, many of you had some ideas of what should be done to make blogs go from good to great:

  • Address security issues:  Allow blogs have the flexibility to be kept private in a closed system, where the teacher controls the people who have access to the posts.
  • Add Video, voice threads or Live Forums:  Right now blogs are very much a written medium and it would be good to have the option to upload videos or voice messages.  Also as blogging is more of a asynchronous type of activity, the addition of a live forum can move it to synchronous mode.
  • Change layout of discussions: Allow the discussions to be threaded as they are in our WebCT discussion forums and have an option to download and save discussion threads.
  • Make blogging in the classroom easy to implement and maintain:  Teachers already are pressed for time and it would be best if future blogging platforms are easy to set up and manage.
  • Make connecting with other networks and blogs easier: To help promote the work being done by students, future blogging platforms should have the option of connecting to other relevant blogs and sites. This way students and teachers can truly become a part of the global community (if they choose).
  • Customization:  Allow more flexibility in the blogging platform to allow for more customization.  This way teachers can tailor the blogging platform to suit their chosen activity.


All of the above needs to be addressed prior to starting a blogging activity. Parents need to be made aware of the blogging activity and it must follow school and district guidelines.  In addition, the teacher should create strict blogging guidelines that students should follow and immediately address any breaches of conduct that do arise.






DEFINITION of ‘Video Conferencing’

A technology that allows users in different locations to hold face-to-face meetings without having to move to a single location. This technology is particularly convenient for business users in different cities or even different countries because it saves the time, expense and hassle associated with business travel. Uses for video conferencing include holding routine meetings, negotiating business deals and interviewing job candidates.

BREAKING DOWN ‘Video Conferencing’

Video conferencing’s main advantage over teleconferencing is that users can see each other, which allows them to develop stronger relationships. When a video conference is held for informal purposes, it is called a video call or video chat.


More flexibility

No matter how much notice you give for a meeting, it’s inevitable that there will be times where last minute issues arise and certain participants can’t attend. The advantage of video conferencing is that meetings can still run as planned – despite unforeseen journey delays or high priority tasks that stop people from attending.

Perfect for Remote Working

With video conferencing, remote working becomes an effective and realistic option. Impromptu meetings can be set up and held immediately, where people can come together to discuss ideas and work through documents together.

No time constraint

Hate being late because someone’s still in the meeting room you booked? Or worse, you get kicked out of your room? It’s a common issue faced by businesses that have many meetings but limited rooms to facilitate this.  Having your own dedicated online room, video conferencing enables you to control who and when you meet.



Cost saving

Similar to conference calling, video conferencing eliminates expenses for travel costs like airfares, train tickets, staff meals and hotel bills. And by saving on travel time and costs, you gain more time to be productive!


  1. High Price.

One of the major disadvantages of video conferencing: expense – You may think that you save money, for example on travel expenses. However, that same money you save may have to be used to purchase and maintain the equipment.

This will vary based on which system you use. These systems can cost anywhere between $250 and $300,000. If you have a small business or organization you may see this as a steep price.

You may have a need to fly employees out of the country and pay for accomodations to facilitate important meetings. Every situation is different.

  1. Stability of your connections

Complex Technology – Technology isn’t always trustworthy. In the middle of an important session you may be disconnected at any given time and have to wait to be reconnected (unlike meeting in person).

One thing that doesn’t happen when meeting people in person is being disconnected. This typically happens on free or very inexpensive equipment.

  1. Limited to a certain number of users at the same time

Free Systems – Usually if you try to bypass paying for an expensive system by using a free multipoint service, you may be limited in how many participants you can have at once.

This is usually the case on free systems and is sometimes okay for social chatting. However, it is not good for meetings involving groups of people.

  1. Audio quality with large groups.

Audio Clarity – It may be very difficult to hear the presenter if they don’t have a microphone or they aren’t near the microphone or camera provided. In addition you would need good quality speakers to hear a class of a big size.

Video Clarity – Video Conferencing uses more bandwidth than audio conferencing, therefore there are chances of video being of less quality than audio.

Benefits of Videoconferencing

Increases Productivity

The ability to be in several places at once without leaving your office is the next frontier. The 1990s saw a tremendous increase in productivity for American companies. The goal was to do more with less. Web sites and the Internet let us quicken the speed of communication. We believe that the use of videoconferencing will be the next driver for productivity because you will be able to keep in closer contact with customers. This closeness will lead to new ideas on how to speed up the development of new products and services.

Improves Communication & Reinforce Relationships

During a videoconference you can see the facial expressions and body language of conference participants. These are both important aspects of communication that are lost with a basic telephone call. Videoconferencing also allows the opportunity for more of your staff to have contact with your customers. From your customer’s perspective, the only person ever seen is the salesperson from your company. Wouldn’t it improve your business relationship with your best customers if they got to meet more of your internal employees?

Reduces Travel Expenses

In today’s economy, cutting down on company travel expenses is usually a real attention grabber. In practice, the results are mixed. Individuals still like to go places and visit clients and associates in person. Nothing can replace meeting someone face to face for the first time and shaking hands. There are, however, numerous situations where you can save a lot of money on airfare andhotel costs, not to mention saving the loss in productivity from being out of the office


VideoMost SDK is software videoconferencing server and mobile clients for MacOS, Linux, Android ,white board, conference recording, transcoding and more. It supports 1000 concurrent video channels per $4K PC server and enables 100 interactive video participants in a conference room, plus video broadcast to 1500 people.


SPIRIT offers VideoMost SDK for white-label licensing and lets service providers and software vendors offer videoconferencing services & video conferencing software under their own brand and billing with immediate time-to-market.



  • com/learn/benefits.html





SlideShare is a slide hosting service, acquired by LinkedIn in 2012. It allows users to upload files  either privately or publicly. The slide decks can then be viewed on the site itself or can be embedded on other sites. Just as YouTube allows users to upload and share videos, SlideShare allows users to upload and share slideshows.

Although the site was originally intended for businesses to share slides amongst employees, it has expanded and now hosts a huge number of slideshows which have been uploaded for anybody to view.

And a lot of people do view them. In fact, SlideShare has 60 million users, hosts over 18 million pieces of content, and gets 159 million monthly page views.

Even so, SlideShare is currently only used by around 17 percent of B2B marketers. Most social media marketers focus their efforts on Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, Instagram, and LinkedIn. HISTORY         

SlideShare was officially launched on October 4, 2006. Rashmi Sinha, the CEO and co-founder of SlideShare is responsible for partnerships and product strategy. She was named amongst the world’s Top 10 Women Influencers in Web 2.0 by FastCompany. Jonathan Boutelle is the CTO of SlideShare and came up with the initial idea behind the website. He wrote the first version of the site. Amit Ranjan, the COO, heads SlideShare’s development team in India and focuses on product management, content and community.

On May 3, 2012, SlideShare announced that it was to be acquired by LinkedIn. It is reported that the deal was $118.75 million.

In December 2013, SlideShare revamped its site offering more of a visual spin on the homepage, including larger images.



  • Using SlideShare means you won’t have to worry about hosting content on your own site since you can just embed content from SlideShare. A far more practical and less time-consuming process.
  • Using SlideShare means you will be able to tap into the large number of SlideShare visitors and raise your own profile.
  • Using SlideShare is low cost, since there is both a free account option and the option to go pro.
  • Using SlideShare is easy, since most people are already familiar with PowerPoint and so are able to generate content relatively quickly.
  • Using SlideShare will allow you to grow your brand and is perhaps the platform which can best accommodate more detailed and in-depth content – i.e., content that may not be appropriate for sharing on other social channels.

Uses of internet

The U.S. Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) funded a research project that created a packet switching network known as the ARPANET. – ARPA funded research projects that produced two satellite networks. ARPA was faced with a dilemma: Each of its networks had advantages for some situations, but each network was incompatible with the others. ARPA focused research on ways that networks could be interconnected and the Internet was envisioned and created to be an interconnection of networks that use TCP/IP protocols

  • Many of these technologies were combined to create the World Wide Web. Initially designed to aid communication among physicists who worked in widely separated locations, the Web became immensely popular and eventually replaced other tools. – The U.S. government began to lift restrictions on who could use the Internet, and commercialization of the Internet began.
  • With users no longer restricted to the scientific or military communities, the Internet quickly expanded to include universities, companies of all sizes, libraries, public and private schools, local and state governments, individuals, and families.



SlideShare is a great opportunity for social media marketers. But in order to make the most of the platform, you will need to take the time to create high-quality content. To do this, you will need an effective content strategy and a good content calendar.









Skype is an IP telephony service provider that offers free calling between subscribers and low-cost calling to people who don’t use the service. In addition to standard telephone calls, Skype enables file transfers, texting, video chat and videoconferencing. The service is available for desktop computers, notebook and tablet computers and other mobile devices, including mobile phones. A number of companies, including Skype, produce dedicated Skype phones.

Skype is a free to download Internet-based communication service, and using Skype just got even easier. Here we explain what is Skype and break down how to use Skype and how to download it on to your computer.



Skype was founded in 2003 by Janus Friis from Denmark and Niklas Zennströmfrom Sweden. The Skype software was created by Estonians Ahti Heinla, Priit Kasesalu, and Jaan Tallinn The first public beta version was released on 29 August 2003.

How do you use the Skype app


To edit your video call settings:

  • Sign in to Skype.
  • Tap your profile picture in the right corner of the screen.
  • Press the phone’s menu button or tap the menu icon .
  • Select Setting.
  • Scroll down to the Voice and video calls section.


How to use skype:Get started in seconds

Below we outline how to download Skype to your PC, sign up for a Skype account and get started adding contacts and making calls. But Skype just made life so much easier for newbies, and if you don’t want to you don’t even need to sign up for a Skype account.

Advantages of Skype

  • Skypeis useful in business , It allows the people to work from the home , it has many helpful features including group video calling that saves a lot of travel time and money for the companies , businesses can communicate with co-workers , and it helps the companies communicate in group conferences from different places .
  • Skype technologymakes it much easier for the family and the friends to reconnect , the customers and businesses to hold the meetings and the conferences , and it saves an enormous amount of money and time .
  • Video conferencehelp to exchange the data in the real time so the presentations can reach multiple people in multiple locations , it  can allow them for quicker deliberation ,  collaboration and decision making.
  • Skype technologyis a free communication with app that can be  downloaded onto iPhones and Android phones , the basic version is free , so businesses can use this program to save money .
  • The smartphonesand tablets are used in  business and personal communication , and Skype offers free mobile and tablet apps that allow you and your contacts to use the service while on the go .
  • You have the ability to accessSkype and communicate with your contacts via the platform from whatever device is closest that makes it a handy communications solution for individuals and businesses .
  • Skypeis a program that allows you to talk to anyone else connected to Skype for free via your computer or from your computer to a telephone anywhere in the world , and it a safe method , and you can safe a lot of money on calls .



Disadvantages of Skype

  • There are risk of the technicalissues of skype , as when there are dropped connections , the camera malfunctions and choppy video streams , it will quickly make a video conference frustrating or useless .
  • There is loss of interpersonal connections as you can see everyone on the chat , and the government could potentially enable this program withwiretapping capabilities, The sound quality of using Skype  may not be good , and you have to pay for some services on the Skype .
  • Skypetechnology can be another tool used for cyber bullying , it was discovered that hackers have taken full advantage of a legally mandated wiretap function to spy on top officials phones , and the wiretapping capabilities can cause the security breeches .
  • Skype technologyrequires Wi-Fi or 3G service to run , the international calls cost money , and there are also cost factors to consider as everyone needs the proper equipment to participate on the call which could present financial challenges.



In conclusion, skype has changed the way people communicate throughout the world in schools, businesses and in society. Person to person communication is not always the norm in the ever changing technological society.





Internet is a world-wide network of computerized devices and servers. Data travels to and fro among computer systems and servers.

Around three billion people around the world are using internet. The countries with largest number of internet users includes China, United States, and India.


There are many advantages of internet.

  • We can makedonations online.
  • We cansend and receive information across large matrix of computer systems. Through email service, we can send messages for both business and personal purposes.
  • Internet has opened doors forvirtual online offices.
  • During the festive season, we don’t need to visit crowed stores to buy our stuff. We canmake online purchases at a bargain price.
  • We cansend birthday greeting cards through the internet.
  • Before making any purchases, we cancheck online for user reviews of the products that we intend to buy.
  • We can usesocial media applications on our personal computer and mobile devices. In this way, we can reconnect to our old school friends.
  • We can gather information for new job openings. We can alsoapply online for jobs.
  • We canearn online by doing freelancing jobs, selling online, completing surveys, affiliate marketing, etc.
  • We can also sell old itemsthat are of no use for us.
  • During idle time, we canlisten to music or watch a video0



The disadvantages of internet are:

  • We often tend topurchase those extra items that we rarely need. Such purchases are a wastage of money.
  • Theinternet is not free. Sometimes, it hurts while paying bills.
  • There are hundreds of vendors selling products of various brands. We getconfused with too many choices.
  • Thetransaction cost levied by the payment gateway providers decreases the margin of the online sellers.
  • Too manycontradictory review leads us nowhere.
  • Thephysical distance among loved ones is increasing.
  • Somewhere theemotional connect between people are missing.
  • We feelhelpless when the internet connection is down.
  • We always remain engaged with many online activities such as checking emails, socializing, chatting, online shopping, business-deals, etc.We don’t get time to rest.
  • Our life is moving at the pace of internet. We seldom spare few moments of peace for us.


We have the intellect to make smart choices. We should not allow internet to distract or disturb our mind. We should use it in a way that brings harmony in life.









General operation and use

An interactive whiteboard (IWB) device can either be a standalone computer or a large, functioning touchpad for computers to use.

device driver is usually installed on the attached computer so that the interactive whiteboard can act as a Human Input Device (HID), like a mouse. The computer’s video output is connected to a digital projector so that images may be projected on the interactive whiteboard surface.

The user then calibrates the whiteboard image by matching the position of the projected image in reference to the whiteboard using a pointer as necessary. After this, the pointer or other device may be used to activate programs, buttons and menus from the whiteboard itself, just as one would ordinarily do with a mouse. If text input is required, user can invoke an on-screen keyboard or, if the whiteboard software provides for this, utilize handwriting recognition. This makes it unnecessary to go to the computer keyboard to enter text.

Uses for interactive whiteboards may include:

Classroom uses

In some classrooms, interactive whiteboards have replaced traditional whiteboards or flipcharts, or video/media systems such as a DVD player and TV combination. Even where traditional boards are used, the IWB often supplements them by connecting to a school network digital video distribution system. In other cases, IWBs interact with online shared annotation and drawing environments such as interactive vector based graphical websites.

Many companies and projects now focus on creating supplemental instructional materials specifically designed for interactive whiteboards. Electrokite out of Boston, MA, for example, will have the first complete curriculum for schools and districts.

One recent use of the IWB is in shared reading lessons. Mimic books, for instance, allow teachers to project children’s books onto the interactive whiteboard with book-like interactivity.

Dixons City Academy in the North of England was the first non college or university learning environment to make use of interactive whiteboards after the school’s then principal Sir John Lewis showed a keen interest in the developing technology. An interactive whiteboard can now be found in every classroom of the school.

Integration with a learner response system

Some manufacturers also provide classroom response systems as an integrated part of their interactive whiteboard products. Handheld ‘clickers’ operating via Infrared or Radio signals, for example, offer basic multiple choice and polling options. More sophisticated clickers offer text and numeric responses and can export an analysis of student performance for subsequent review.

By combining classroom response with an interactive whiteboard system, teachers can present material and receive feedback from students in order to direct instruction more effectively or else to carry out formal assessments. For example, a student may both solve a puzzle involving math concepts on the interactive whiteboard and later demonstrate his or her knowledge on a test delivered via the classroom response system. Some classroom response software can organize and develop activities and tests aligned with State standards.


Some of the benefits of using interactive whiteboards include:

Group interaction. Interactive whiteboards promotes collaboration among students and group discussion and participation. They can be an effective tool for brainstorming due to the fact that notes can be taken on the board and saved to be shared and distributed to students later.